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I have already explained how to write your own allocation monitoring tool. Each time 100 cumulated KB are allocated, the CLR emits an AllocationTick event with the name of the last allocated type before the 100 KB threshold and if it is in the LOH or not. This post shows you how to get these events with the corresponding callstacks thanks to the Microsoft Perfview free tool.

On Linux, things are a little bit more complicated because the Kernel provider does not exist to emit callstacks events. Microsoft provides the perfcollect script to get a zip file containing both the…

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In the context of helping the teams at Criteo to clean up our code base, I gathered and documented a few C# anti-patterns similar to Kevin’s publication about performance code smell. Here is an extract related to good/bad memory patterns.

Even though the garbage collector is doing its works out of the control of the developers, the less allocations are done, the less the GC will impact an application. So the main goal is to avoid writing code that allocates unnecessary objects or references them too long.

Finalizer and IDisposable usage

Let’s start with a hidden way to referencing an object: implementing a “finalizer”…

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In the previous post, I described why you might get weird reversed callstacks in Visual Studio when analyzing or debugging async/await code. And if you are using Perfview to profile the same application, you should also get the same reverse continuation flow:


With my colleague Eugene, we spent a long time analyzing performances of one of Criteo main applications with Perfview. The application is processing thousand of requests in an asynchronous pipeline full of async/await calls. During our research, we ended up with weird callstacks that looked kind of “reversed”. The goal of this post is to describe why this could happen (even in Visual Studio).

Let’s see the result of profiling in Visual Studio

I wrote a simple .NET Core application that simulates a few async/await calls:

ComputeAsync is starting a bunch of tasks that will await other async methods:

Unlike the Compute1 and Compute2 methods, the last…

The last series was describing how to get details about your .NET application allocation patterns in C#.

  1. Get a sampling of .NET application allocations
  2. A simple way to get the call stack
  3. Getting the call stack by hand

It is now time to do the same but for the CPU consumption of your .NET applications.

Thanks you Mr Windows Kernel!

Under Windows, the kernel ETW provider allows you to get notified every milli-second with the call stack of all threads running on a core. Without any surprise, it is easy with TraceEvent to listen to these events. …

In the previous post, I presented the new commands that were added to dotnet-dump and how to use them. It is now time to show how to implement such a command.

But before jumping into the code, you should first ensure that you have a valid use case that the Diagnostics team is not currently working on. I recommend to create an issue in the Diagnostics repository to explain what is missing for which scenario and propose to implement the corresponding command.

What is a dotnet-dump command?

Here is the directory structure related to the dotnet-dump tool in the Diagnostics repository:

The built binaries are…


To ease our troubleshooting sessions at Criteo, new high level commands for WinDBG have been written and grouped in the gsose extension. As we moved to Linux, Kevin implemented the plumbing to be able to load gsose into LLDB. In both cases, our extension commands are based on ClrMD to dig into a memory dump.

As Microsoft pushed for dotnet-dump as the new cross-platform way to deal with memory dump, it was obvious that we would have to be able to use our extension commands in dotnet-dump. Unfortunately dotnet-dump does not support any extension mechanism. In May this year, Kevin…

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When I arrived at Criteo in late 2016, I joined the .NET Core “guild” (i.e. group of people from different teams dedicated to a specific topic). The first meeting I attended included Microsoft folks led by Scott Hunter (head of .NET program management) and including David Fowler (SignalR and ASP.NET Core). The goal for Criteo was simple: Moving a set of C# applications from Windows/.NET Framework to Linux/.NET Core. I guess that for Microsoft we were a customer with workloads that could be interesting to support with .NET Core. At that time, I did not realize how strong their commitment…

In the past two episodes of this series I have explained how to get a sampling of .NET application allocations and one way to get the call stack corresponding to the allocations; all with CLR events. In this last episode, I will detail how to transform addresses from the stack into methods name and possibly signature.

From managed address to method signature

In order to transform an address on the stack into a managed method name, you need to know where in memory (i.e. at which address) is stored the method JITted assembly code and what is its size:

For each JITted method, the MethodLoadVerbose/MethodDCStartVerboseV2 events…

In the previous episode of this series, you have seen how to get a sampling of .NET application allocations thanks to the AllocationTick and GCSampleObjectAllocation(High/Low) CLR events. However, this is often not enough to investigate unexpected memory consumption: you would need to know which part of the code is triggering the allocations. This post explains how to get the call stack corresponding to the allocations, again with CLR events.

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If you look carefully at the payload of the TraceEvent object mapped by Microsoft TraceEvent library (not my fault if they have the same name) for each CLR event, you won’t…

Christophe Nasarre

Loves to understand how things work (MVP Developer Technologies)

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